III.      Lesbian and Gay Family Issues Not Involving Child Custody, Visitation, Adoption, and Foster Care


            A.        Same-Sex Marriage or its Approximation

                        Adoption of Robert Paul P., New York Court of Appeals, 1984

                        De Santo v. Barnsley, Pennsylvania Superior Court, 1984

                        Adoption of Swanson, Delaware Supreme Court, 1993

                        Baehr v. Lewin, Hawai’i Supreme Court, 1993

                        Baker v. State, Vermont Supreme Court, 1999

                        Goodridge v. Department of Public Health, Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, 2003

                        Opinions of the Justices to the Senate, Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, 2004

                        In re Marriage Cases, California Supreme Court, 2008

                        Kerrigan v. Commissioner of Public Health, Connecticut Supreme Court, 2008

                        Obergefell v. Hodges, U.S. Supreme Court, 2015

                        Pavan v. Smith, U.S. Supreme Court, 2017

           See also: America's Struggle for Same-Sex Marriage

            B.        Same-Sex Divorce

                        Christiansen v. Christiansen, Wyoming Supreme Court, 2011

                        In the Matter of the Marriage of J.B. and H.B., Court of Appeals of Texas, Fifth District, 2010

                        In re Divorce of Naylor and Daly, Court of Appeals of Texas, Third District, 2011

            C.        The Federal DOMA (Defense of Marriage Act)

                       Massachusetts v. United States Department of Health and Human Services,

                        U.S. Court of Appeals, First Circuit, 2012

                        United States v. Windsor, U.S. Supreme Court, 2013

            D.        California's Proposition 8

                        Perry v. Brown, U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit, 2012

            E.        State DOMAs (Laws Banning Relationship Recognition for Same-Sex Couples)

                        State of Ohio v. Carswell, Supreme Court of Ohio, 2007

                        National Pride at Work, Inc. v. Governor of Michigan, Michigan Supreme Court, 2008

                        Giancaspro v. Congleton, Michigan Court of Appeals, 2009

                        Appling v. Walker, Wisconsin Supreme Court, 2014

                        Baskin v. Bogan, U.S. Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit, 2014

            F.        Health, Dental, Life Insurance, and Sick Leave Benefits for Domestic Partners

Hinman v. Department of Personnel Administration, California Court of Appeal, 1985

Ross v. Denver Department of Health and Hospitals, Colorado Court of Appeals, 1994

City of Atlanta v. McKinney, Georgia Supreme Court, 1995

City of Atlanta v. Morgan, Georgia Supreme Court, 1997

Rutgers Council of AAUP Chapters v. Rutgers, the State University, New Jersey Superior Court, Appellate Division, 1997

Tanner v. Oregon Health Sciences University, Oregon Court of Appeals, 1998


            G.        Housing of Domestic Partners

Braschi v. Stahl Associates Company, New York Court of Appeals, 1989

                        Levin v. Yeshiva University, New York Court of Appeals, 2001


            H.        Guardianship of Incapacitated Domestic Partners

                        Guardianship of Kowalski, Minnesota Court of Appeals, 1986

                        Guardianship of Kowalski, Minnesota Court of Appeals, 1991


            I.        Property Disputes Between Former Domestic Partners

                        Whorton v. Dillingham, California Court of Appeal, 1988

                        Seward v. Mentrup, Ohio Court of Appeals, 1993

                        Posik v. Layton, Florida District Court of Appeal, 1997

                        Mitchell v. Moore, Pennsylvania Superior Court, 1999

                        Doe v. Burkland, Rhode Island Supreme Court, 2002


            J.        Disputes Involving Wills of Deceased Domestic Partners

                        Matter of Cooper, New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division, 1993

                        Evans v. May, Texas Court of Appeals, 1996


            K.       Disputes Involving Intestate Estates of Deceased Domestic Partners

Estate of Reaves v. Owen, Mississippi Court of Appeals, 1999

                        Vasquez v. Hawthorne, Washington Court of Appeals, 2000


            L.       Domestic Violence of Domestic Partners

                        State v. Hadinger, Ohio Court of Appeals, 1991

                        Ireland v. Davis, Kentucky Court of Appeals, 1997


            M.         Impact of Domestic Partner Relationships on the Legal Rights and Responsibilities of Others

                        Coon v. Joseph, California Court of Appeal, 1987

                        Gajovski v. Gajovski, Ohio Court of Appeals, 1991

                        Engel v. Worthington, California Court of Appeal, 1993

Raum v. Restaurant Associates, Inc., New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division, 1998

Marriage of Weisbruch, Illinois Appellate Court, 1999

Plaxico v. Michael, Mississippi Supreme Court, 1999

                        Lapides v. Trabbic, Maryland Court of Special Appeals, 2000